Nigeria Export Prices and Guidelines
The constant devaluation of naira as a result of the fall in oil price coupled with other economic variables offers a favorable environment for exporters in Nigeria to make huge profit and nation cannot grow without export. It is also about time we stop Nigeria from been a dumping ground of every manner of products from around the Globe.
From tooth pick, spoons, outdated items, scrap, toxic items and a whole lot more. It is about time Nigerians start exporting their goods and services. We are endowed with many natural and human resources, it is time to look inward for solution. But before you delve into exporting, you need to acquaint yourselves with knowledge of how the export market works.
Please not that Nigeria Customs can not provide all the information about your exportation to the destination country. You must explicitly carry out all transactions with such country’s Customs Administration by yourself. However, you can contact the Nigeria Foreign Affair Ministry for valuable information.
If you live in Nigeria and you have the intention to start exporting goods from Nigeria to other parts of the world, then you must seek to pursue best practices in the Import and Export Industry. It is true that anybody can export goods from Nigeria to their clients outside the shores of Nigeria as long as they meet all the laid down requirements.
In Nigeria, we have a government organization like the Standard Organization of Nigeria (S.O.N) that ensures that all goods that are produced in Nigeria meet the certain requirements. The Standard Organization of Nigeria works hand in glove with the International Standard Organization (I.S.O) to ensure that any product that comes out of Nigeria is not substandard and can be used conveniently in any part of the world.
So if you are in the business of exporting goods from Nigeria, then you must ensure that you only export goods that meet the requirements set by the Standard Organization of Nigeria. These are the basic things you need to know about the products specifications when you are in the business of exporting goods from Nigeria:
Need to Know, this is not exhaustive
To get started, you need to:
Know how the market works,
Legal international protocols,
Exporting from Nigeria: What You Need to Know About Product Specification
1. You Need to Know About the Overall Dimension of the Products You Intend Exporting
It is very important to specify the overall dimensions of your product, so that whoever wants to buy your products is be able to have a pre-knowledge of the size of the products and the space it might occupy so that they can be well guided when making provision for transportation and logistics.
2. You Need to Know about the Materials Used in the Production of the Products You Intend Exporting
It is important to know the details of all the materials used in the production of the goods you intend exporting so that your buyers and the end users may know how to handle and manage the products. For instance; if the product you intend exporting is made up of iron, then you should know that if it is exposed to mist of water, it might likely get rusted. Also, if your product is made up of breakable glass, then you need to inform those handling it to handle it with care.
3. You Need to Know About the Environmental Effects and Requirements of Your Products
The manufacturer might specify the effect some products have on human and how to handle and make use of them. For example; if your product is flammable when exposed to certain high level temperature or fire, then it would be very important that you highlight it on the product so that those transporting it will know how to handle it.
4. You Expected to Know about the Anthropometrics and Ergonomics
You are expected to include the sizes of people that are expected to make use of your products. Take for instance; if you are manufacturing and exporting shirts, you should design your shirts or dresses in different sizes that complies with the sizes in Europe, UK, USA et al. You just have to know the various sizes of people in relationship to the products you intend exporting. Let us get it straight, Anthropometrics is the study of the sizes of people with respect to products, why Ergonomics is just the relationship between people and the products they use. The bottom line is that the data generated from Anthropometric is used to help design products to meet ergonomic needs.
5. You are expected to Include Users Manual in All Your Products
It is very important to include user’s manual with all of your products meant for exportation. With the User’s manual or guide, it makes it easier for anybody to purchase and use your products. All you need to do is to ensure that your product manual is written in languages that people in the country you intend to export them to understand.
6. You Need to Include Details of the Source of Power Requirement for Your Products
If your product requires electric to power it, then you just have to include the power requirements for the products. If you specify the power requirement for your products, then you would guide against electric voltage blowing off your products in the hands of the end users. It is fact that some countries have specification for all electric appliances that is imported in to their countries. So if you are into the exportation of electric appliances, ensure that your products meet the electric power requirement of the country you intend exporting your products to.
There are a lot you need to know about products specification if you are in the business of exporting. The best way to go about it is to check the requirements for the kind of products you intend exporting with the country you would be exporting the products to. In order for you to continue to be in the business of exporting, you must produce goods that meet the specifications of International Standard Organization (ISO).
EXPORT PROHIBITION LIST – What you are not allow to Export
Timber (rough or sawn)
Raw hides and skin (including Wet Blue and all unfinished leather) H.S. Codes 4101.2000.00 – 4108.9200.00
Unprocessed rubber latex and rubber lumps
Artifacts and Antiquities
Wildlife animals classified as endangered species and their products
e.g. Crocodile; Elephant, Lizard, Eagle, Monkey, Zebra, Lion etc.
How to Package Your Products for Export
If you have locally manufactured goods that you intend exporting to buyers outside the shores of Nigeria, then you should consider durable and attractive packaging for your products. Truth is that if your products are well packaged and all safety measure is put in place, then you wouldn’t have to worry about your products getting damaged on transit. If you are conversant with goods that are cleared from the wharf; you would realize that some of them get badly damaged because they are not properly packed.
The goods meant for exports are handled my different people that may likely not know the details of what you are exporting and as such may handle it roughly. If you want to give your customers value for every product they order from you, then you must pay serious attention to your packaging details. There are ways you could package you products to ensure that they are not exposed to what might damage them. For example; if you are exporting breakables like glass related products, eggs, et al, then you must take every little detail in the packaging seriously so that you possibly won’t end up exporting damaged commodities.
The truth is that the packaging you use for your products is as important as the products itself especially when you know that these products are meant for exportation and are subjected to longer travel periods when you are exporting via the sea (Shipping). Even if you are using Cargo Planes to export your products’ it possibly could also get damaged if not properly packaged. Also, if the packaging is not appealing, it can affect the sales.
1. Use Packaging Material that is Friendly and Healthy
Whatever material you choose to use for your packaging should be user friendly and must not contain any hazardous chemical. The truth is that if you are in the business of exporting, then you must be careful of the materials used to package your products or else it could be rejected by the government of the country you intend shipping the goods to.
2. Use Attractive Colors for Your Packaging
It has been proven over and over again that the choice of packaging for your products contributes to the brand image you are selling to your customers. If the packaging for your product is eye catchy and attractive, it could easily be spotted and picked ahead of same products from other companies. The fact that you are expected to make the packaging of your products attractive does not mean that you should solely use attractive and bright colors. There are ways you may combine colors nicely that can be appealing to people.
3. Ensure Your Graphics is Self Explanatory
You can design the packaging of your products in such a way that a buyer could easily tell the kind of product that is in it. Graphic artists have a way of communicating a message to people via their designs. So ensure that whatever design you chose for the packing of your product, is self explanative and the one that looks nice from both afar and from a close range.
4. Ensure All Instructions and Guidelines on the Packet of Your Products are Legible and Easy to Understand
It is important to make sure that all the information that is expected to be on the pack of your products are easily readable. You should use letters and fonts that can easily be read by all. You must also ensure that you use a minimum of four international messages to pass across very vital information on the pack of your products. For instance; if there is an instruction that reads “Highly inflammable” then you should not just write it in English language; you should also write it in French, Chinese, Spanish and German Language et al.
5. Make Sure You Use Water – Proof Materials
Products meant for exportation are subjected to all sorts of conditions; including mist, dews and waters. To prevent any of these conditions from damaging your products, you must include water – proof materials (nylon et al) to either wrap the products inside the package or to seal the entire package with it. With this in place; you can be sure that when your products are exposed to water it wouldn’t get damaged.
6. Ensure You Add Materials (Foam Like) That Could Absorb Shock
If you open a new electronic carton, you would see some foam like materials placed inside it. The purpose of such materials is to absorb all the shocks your products might likely be subjected to en route its destination. So you must be sure to include such materials when packaging your products meant for exports especially when they are breakables.
7. Ensure that you add Wrapping Materials That Can Prevent Scratches
There are wrapping papers used in wrapping products so as to prevent scratches that might occur in transit. You just have to pay attention to every detail with regard to the packaging of your products, if you want it to your consumers to receive the products they ordered in good condition. For example; if you are exporting products made from bronze or ceramic materials, you are expected to use paper or other friendly materials to wrap each unit of the products so that they do not rub off on each other and produce scratches on the products.
These are some of the factors you need to consider when packaging your products that you intend exporting from Nigeria to other parts of the world. Fact is that if you are exporting the products via ship, then you should expect the products to stay a longer period on transit and that is the more reason why you must chose durable packaging and containers for your products.
PRODUCT-TYPE CERTIFICATION FOR EXPORTS – DOCUMENTATION
This involves activities relating to issuance of Certificates of conformance to applicable standards or contractual documents for products to facilitate export trade. It applies to specific consignments meant for export by the applicant.
To ensure that locally manufactured products meant for export conforms with the relevant Nigerian industrial standards as well as the quality requirements of the importing countries including packaging.
The procedures for Product-Type certification involve:
- The company applies formally to SON providing all necessary details of the products, processes, packaging and intending country for export;
- SON technical officers conduct inspection of the production processes and the consignments, conduct testing of samples of the product and submit report to the Product Certification Directorate;
- The reports including results of analysis are assessed and recommendations made to the Director General for approval;
- Upon approval, Certificate of Conformance is issued for the particular consignment.
List of Approved Commodities for Export
Palm Fruit (Banga)
Bread Fruit ( Ukwa)
Edible Local Chalks (Nzu)
Herbal Products (Medicine/Soap)
Nigerian Made Shoes (Aba Made Shoes)
Nigerian Made Fabrics (Adire, Akwete, Aso Oke, etc.)
Arts and Craft
Locally Designed Beeds
Home Video/Audio Cds
Locally Published Books
Locally Made Weaves
To able to provide an accurate charge for your export, following details are required?
Weight of item
Item name ( some item are banned)
For Export Prices visit Nigeria Import and Exporters
Speak to us if you require further assistance.